Underwater exploration is not as easy as when done on land. For the sake of smooth exploration, various types of ships are needed, one of which is supply ships. The ship, which is also called the supply vessel, has a very important role.
This supply vessel is different from other types of vessels such as dry cargo vessels or liquid and gas carriers. Because psv vessel malaysia are types of offshore vessels used in the oil, gas and energy industries.
Know More About Supply Vessel
There are two types of oil refineries, namely onshore and offshore. Onshore means that the infrastructure of refineries and boreholes is on land. While offshore, drilling activities were carried out offshore.
Judging from the location, it is clear that ships are needed for the offshore oil refinery industry. Some people also call it an offshore ship. The types of ships used to operate oil refineries also vary. Some of them are the Dive Support Vessel which is an underwater equipment ship that needs installation and maintenance. There is also the Anchor Handling Tug which is an anchor handling vessel.
Not to forget is the supply vessel which is also considered as a ship where the offshore industry works. A supply vessel is a type of vessel that will supply drilling hardware and equipment. Examples are drill pipe, casing and all the chemicals needed in the recovery of oil, bentonite and brine. This ship is specially designed so that it can work to support offshore activities.
What are the Functions of the Supply Vessel?
An offshore oil refinery requires two buildings with different functions called a rig and an offshore platform. The two buildings within the oil refinery are the destination of supply vessel operations.
Meanwhile, the place where the supply vessel first operates is called the shorebase. The location of this shorebase is above the mainland, precisely on the beach.
The main function of the supply vessel is to transport all types of equipment needed on rigs and offshore platforms so that offshore activities run well.
Offshore activities carried out include drilling or drilling, exploration and production. The transportation process starts from the shorebase and then to the rigs and offshore platforms through certain routes.
What is transported by the supply ship? Here are the kinds.
- Transporting Raw Materials for Building Structures
In order to obtain petroleum, drilling or drilling activities are required, both at onshore and offshore oil refineries. It’s just that offshore drilling systems require new technology, plus the operating costs are more expensive.
- There are several equipment needed, namely the structure of the platform or platform as a place to place drilling and production equipment. Currently most of the platforms are made permanent with reinforced concrete legs.
In order for the construction of reinforced concrete to run smoothly, a supply vessel is needed that will lift cement, iron and so on.
- Transporting Drilling Equipment
Drilling activities are the main thing in oil refineries and involve various kinds of heavy equipment. This equipment system will be transported by a supply vessel so that the drilling process can run smoothly.
For example, transporting a drilling string which is a series of equipment to be assembled on a rig and offshore platform. Heavy equipment drilling strings such as drill rods, drill collars, kelly pipes, rotary tables and so on need transportation.
- Transporting Equipment and Mechanical Parts
When all heavy equipment has been transported and installed, offshore activities cannot be separated from daily equipment and mechanical parts. The number of needs can also vary depending on the request of the rig and offshore platform.